Triumphes de Petrarque

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Triumphes de Petrarque

Category:
Alternative titles
Franciscus Petrarca Trionfi gallice cum explicationibus – Trionfi di Francesco Petrarca – Vienna Triumphs of Petrarch – Petrarca: Triumphe.
Physical features
Codex on parchment, dimensions 325 x 210 mm, I-295-I folios.
Binding
17th-century marbled calfskin binding, 6 raised bands, title «LES TRIUMPHES DE PETRARQUE» and gold decorations on the spine, triple-thread frame stamped in gold around the perimeter of the two boards, gold decorations on the board edges.
Origin
France (Paris), 16th century (ca. 1500-1510).
Provenance
The manuscript is of the highest value and undoubtedly had a prestigious patronage. The coat of arms of the House of Lorraine on f. 1r leads us to identify the patron as René II, Duke of Lorraine (b. 1451, d. 1508), from whom the manuscript later passed to his son Antoine, known as the Good (b. 1489, d. 1544). In the 17th century it came into the possession of Prince Eugene Francis of Savoy-Carignano (b. 1663, d. 1736), better known as Prince Eugene, who was a passionate art collector and protector of artists. Upon his death, the manuscript – together with his entire library – passed to Charles VI (b. 1685, d. 1740), Holy Roman Emperor and ruler of the Austrian Habsburg monarchy from 1711 until his death. Later, Napoleon Bonaparte (b. 1769, d. 1821) took possession of it and brought it to Paris in 1809, as evidenced by the stamp of the Bibliothèque Impériale.
Present repository
In 1815, the manuscript returned to Austria, to the Hofbibliothek in Vienna, later the Österreichische Nationalbibliothek, where it is still preserved under the signature Cod. 2581, together with the Cod. 2582 with which it was made.
Genre
Literature.
Content
French translation of the Triumphs of Francesco Petrarca, commonly anglicized as Petrarch (b. 1304, d. 1374), with the commentary by Bernardo da Siena, known as Illicino (b. ca. 1430, d. ?). The entire work is divided between Cod. 2581 and Cod. 2582. The Cod. 2581 comprises the Triumphus Cupidinis (Triumph of Love), the Triumphus Pudicitie (Triumph of Chastity), the Triumphus Mortis (Triumph of Death) and Chapter I of the Triumphus Famae (Triumph of Fame). The work continues in the subsequent Cod. 2582.
Language
French.
Script
Bastarda blackletter.
Scribes
Several scribes probably worked on the manuscript. It is possible to identify various transcription errors, but these were not corrected so as not to affect the physicality of the codex – indeed, error corrections would have required the use of techniques such as scraping.
Decoration
In order of succession, the coat of arms of the House of Lorraine on f. 1r should be mentioned first. The codex also counts no less than 86 full-page miniatures, set within architectural frames. Usually, manuscripts that hand down the Triumphi by Petrarch count few miniatures, which mostly limit themselves to illustrating the six triumphs. In this case, the sumptuous array of miniatures is explained by the illuminators’ choice to dwell on the depiction of legends, biblical scenes and allegories taken from the work. The decoration of the manuscript is further enriched by decorated initials and illuminated capilettera placed at the beginning of each chapter.
Illuminators
Illuminated by the Master of Philippa of Guelders, Jean (or Jos) Coene IV – previously identified as the Maître des Entrées Parisiennes – and other illuminators in the circle of Jean Pichore.
Style
Northern Renaissance.

Data sheet: Illuminated Facsimiles®

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FACSIMILE EDITIONS

Les Triumphes de Petrarque

Publisher – UTET (Turin, 2011), by concession of the Österreichische Nationalbibliothek.
Limited edition – The facsimile was produced in a limited and numbered edition of 499 copies in Arabic numerals – of which 20 are out of print – and 299 copies in Roman numerals.
Type of reproduction – Full-size colour reproduction of the entire original manuscript. The facsimile reproduces the physical characteristics of the original manuscript as closely as possible, with the aim of substituting it in scientific research and in the libraries of bibliophile collectors. Trimming and composition of the leaves reproduce the profile and structure of the original manuscript.
Material – Special aged like-parchment paper.
Binding – Marbled leather cover faithful to that of the original manuscript.
Commentary – Commentary volume «Les triumphes de Messire francoys petrarque» in Italian, hardcover in brown cloth and gold lettering with coloured dust jacket, size 28 x 18,5 cm, 133 pages, 15 colour images. Foreword by Christian Berlakovits, essays by Sandro Orlando and Gianfranco Malafarina. Index: I Trionfi di Francesco Petrarca (Premessa; L'”altro” Petrarca volgare; I trionfi nella cultura precedente; La struttura dell’opera; La fortuna di Petrarca e dei suoi Trionfi; Il caso francese; I Triumphi; L’opera di Georges de la Forge; Il commento di Bernardo Ilicino e la sua fortuna; La fortuna del commento fuori d’Italia; Il nostro manoscritto; Note); Commento iconografico (Premessa; La committenza; La traduzione; L’ambiente artístico; Il Maestro di Filippina di Gheldria; I sei cortei trionfali; Le miniature; Il codice; Bibliografia essenziale); Appendice (Il testo dei Trionfi).
Slipcase – The facsimile is contained inside a brown cloth-covered slipcase with gold lettering.
Certificate of authenticity – The certificate is attached to the colophon of the facsimile, bears the copy number and is authenticated by Gian Luca Pulvirenti (president of UTET at the time of publication).
ISBN – 978-88-02-08543-2.

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I Trionfi di Francesco Petrarca

Publisher – Imago (Rimini, 2021).
Type of reproduction – Full-size colour reproduction of the entire original manuscript.
Material – Special aged like-parchment paper.
Binding – Marbled leather cover. The binding might not correspond to that of the original document as it appears at the present moment.
Commentary – Commentary volume in Italian.
Slipcase – The facsimile is contained inside a red cloth-covered slipcase.

Copyright photos: Imago

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