Manchester Picture Bible

Contacts

+39 333 9860 410

info@illuminatedfacsimiles.com

Illuminated Facsimiles


Manchester Picture Bible

Category:
Alternative titles
Rylands Picture Bible – Bible Historiée de Manchester – Biblia Ilustrada de Manchester – Bilderbibel von Manchester.
Physical features
Codex on parchment, dimensions 185 x 145 mm, I-48-I folios.
Binding
16th century brown leather binding, restored in 1963 (Misters Durhaus and Wilson).
Region of origin
There is no uniform opinion among scholars regarding the region of origin of the manuscript. It is generally believed to have been produced in England, but some place it in north-eastern France or Flanders.
Dating
Between the end of the 13th century and the middle of the 14th century.
Patronage
The patron remains unknown. Given the preciousness of the manuscript and especially the extensive use of gold, he/she was certainly a wealthy person.
Subsequent owners
The first information available to us dates back to the end of the 19th century. In 1893, the German antiquarian bookseller Ludwig Rosenthal (b. 1840, d. 1928) sold a bible historiée «orné de 48 grandes miniatures» to James Ludovic Lindsay, XXVI Earl of Crawford (b. 1847, d. 1913) for about 360 pounds. The manuscript thus became part of the Bibliotheca Lindesiana (see the ex libris and the coat of arms on the first pastedown), which James Lindsay had built up and enriched together with his father Alexander William Lindsay (b. 1812, d. 1880), creating one of the most impressive private collections in Britain at the time. In 1901, Enriqueta Augustina Rylands (b. 1843, d. 1908) purchased from James Lindsay the entire collection of approximately 6,000 manuscripts, including the small bible historiée, which from that time became part of the John Rylands Library, which Enriqueta Rylands had founded in memory of her husband John Rylands (b. 1801, d. 1888).
Present repository
The manuscript is currently part of the John Rylands Research Institute and Library where it is stored under the shelfmark French MS 5.
Genre
ChristianityBibles / Gospels.
Content
The French MS 5 from the John Rylands Research Institute and Library is a typical example of a medieval illuminated Bible, in which the text has a mere supporting function to the scenes. It does not constitute a quote from the biblical text but briefly describes the accompanying image. Other examples of this type are the 13th century Oxford Bible and the Crusader Bible made in Paris also in the 13th century. In the French MS 5, the text supplementing the images was added years after the miniatures were made. The forty-eight scenes illustrate episodes from Genesis and Exodus, but there are also miniatures depicting episodes from other Old Testament books. The original plan probably envisaged a longer work, an illustrated Bible that would have included parts of the New Testament. It should be noted that over the centuries some folios have been lost.
Language
Ancient French.
Script
Littera textualis.
Scribe
It is possible to identify the hand of two different scribes.
Decoration
Forty-eight full-page miniatures on a gold background, set within a double frame in gold and alternately in blue and pink.
Illuminator
The miniatures were made by a single artist, who has remained anonymous.
Style
Gothic. The French MS 5 can be traced back to the «Channel style», a style combining elements of Romanesque and Insular, which spread in Northern Europe from the 13th century onwards.

Data sheet: Illuminated Facsimiles®

x


FACSIMILE EDITION(S)

La Bibbia Aurea

Publisher – Istituto della Enciclopedia Italiana – Treccani (Roma, 2022), by concession of the John Rylands Research Institute and Library – The University of Manchester.
Series – Tesori Svelati.
Limited edition – Edition made in 699 copies numbered by hand from 1 to 699. Ten non-sale copies not numbered were reserved for the Istituto della Enciclopedia Italiana.
Type of reproduction – Full-size colour reproduction of the entire original document. The facsimile reproduces the physical characteristics of the original manuscript as closely as possible, with the aim of substituting it in scientific research and in the libraries of bibliophile collectors.
Material – Special aged like-parchment paper.
Binding – Red velvet binding with gilded and engraved metal plates on both boards. The binding might not correspond to that of the original document as it appears at the present moment.
Commentary – Commentary volume in Italian (introduction by John Hodgson in Italian and English), 13.50 x 19 cm, XXVI-56 pages, 14 colour illustrations. Texts by Massimo Bray, John Hodgson, Caterina Crestani, Alessandro Giovanardi.
Slipcase – Facsimile and commentary volume are housed in a paper-covered double compartment hardback slipcase.
Certificate of authenticity – The certificate with the copy number is attached to the colophon of the facsimile and authenticated by Massimo Bray (Istituto della Enciclopedia Italiana) and John Hodgson (John Rylands Research Institute and Library – The University of Manchester).
ISBN – 978-88-12-01018-9 (facsimile and commentary volume).

Copyright photos: Istituto della Enciclopedia Italiana – Treccani

x

Bible Historiée

Publisher – Imago (Rimini, 2019), by concession of the John Rylands Research Institute and Library – The University of Manchester.
Limited edition – 300 copies with Arabic numeration; 99 copies with Roman numeration.
Type of reproduction – Full-size colour reproduction of the entire original document. The facsimile reproduces the physical characteristics of the original manuscript as closely as possible, with the aim of substituting it in scientific research and in the libraries of bibliophile collectors.
Material – Special aged like-parchment paper.
Binding – The binding might not correspond to that of the original document as it appears at the present moment.
Commentary – Italian.
Certificate of authenticity – The certificate with the copy number is attached to the colophon of the facsimile.

About The Author

Treccani