Turin Sforza Codex


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Illuminated Facsimiles

Turin Sforza Codex

ALTERNATIVE TITLES – In Rhetoricam ad Herennium Commentaria.
FEATURES – Codex on parchment, 192 x 143 mm, 8 pp. (4 double-page sheets).
ORIGIN – Italy: Cremona.
CHRONOLOGY – 15th century: November 27, 1467.
FORMER OWNERS – In 1863, Victor Emmanuel II king of Italy bought the codex from the marquis Vittorio Emanuele Tapparelli d’Azeglio, who had bought it in London in 1860.
GENRE – Literature; Treatises / Secular books.
CONTENTS – The Rhetorica ad Herennium is the oldest left Latin rhetoric treatise (dating back to about 90 BC). The Turin Sforza Codex is a commentary to the Rhetorica ad Herennium, composed by the young Ludovico Maria Sforza (future Duke of Milan) under the guidance of his teacher, the humanist Francesco Filelfo. After the writing exercise, the notebook was adorned by the court illuminators.
LANGUAGE – Italian.
SCRIPT – Humanist minuscule.
SCRIBE – Ludovico Maria Sforza.
DECORATION – Edges decorated with friezes, coats of arms, portraits and scenes from Greek and Roman history.
STYLE – Renaissance.

Data sheet: Illuminated Facsimiles



Full-size color reproduction of the entire original document. The facsimile reproduces as close as possible the codicological characteristics of the original document. The binding might not correspond to that of the original document as it appears at the present moment.
Publisher: Nova Charta Editori (Venice, 2017).
Limited edition: 200 copies.
Commentary: Rummo Rossana, Saccani Giovanni, Malafarina Gianfranco, Brovarone Vitale Alessandro, Bollati Milvia, Di Palma Luca, Crisostomi Paolo.

Copyright photos: Illuminated Facsimiles

Codice Sforza di Torino; Codex Sforza de Turin

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