Oxford Bible Pictures

Paris, Musée Marmottan
Baltimore, Walters Art Museum, Ms. W. 106


+39 333 9860 410


Illuminated Facsimiles

Oxford Bible Pictures

Paris, Musée Marmottan
Baltimore, Walters Art Museum, Ms. W. 106

Alternative titles – Miniaturas de la Biblia de Oxford – Oxforder Bibelbilder.
Physical features – Codex on parchment, dimensions 132 x 95 mm, 34 folios.
Binding – Red velvet cover with two brass clasps. It was made in the 19th century by Leon Gruel, incorporating on the front board an ivory plaque produced in the Rhineland in the 14th century. The plaque is carved on both sides, depicting the Nativity on the outer side and the Crucifixion on the inner side.
Origin – United Kingdom (Oxford).
Dating – 13th century (ca. 1250).
Provenance and present repository – The patronage is unknown. In the 14th century, the manuscript belonged to Edith Corf, prioress of Tarent Kaines in Dorset. There is no news of it until the 19th century, when 31 of the more than 98 original papers were found. The Parisian bookbinder and antiquarian Leon Gruel (b. 1841, d. 1923) bought them, and resold 7 of them to the Wildestein collection – later passed to the Musée Marmottan in Paris. The remaining 24 he kept for himself and had bound; in 1903 they were bought by Henry Walters (b. 1848, d. 1931), for the library of the Walters Art Museum in Baltimore, which he founded.
Genre – Christianity, Bibles / Gospels.
Content – Cycle of images with scenes from the Bible, sometimes accompanied by a caption. It is likely that these miniatures would have found their place at the beginning of a Psalter, the Ms. B.2010 now in the National Museum in Stockholm.
Language – Latin, French.
Script – Gothic Textualis.
Decoration – 27 full-page miniatures on a gold background.
Illuminator and scribe – The English illuminator William de Brailes (b. ?, d. ca. 1260) both executed the miniatures and composed and wrote in his own hand the captions accompanying many of the miniatures of the codex.
Style – Gothic.

Data sheet: Illuminated Facsimiles



Type of reproduction – Full-size colour reproduction of more portions of the original document that were once an individual document. The cycle of images originally comprised at least 98 miniatures. The facsimile reproduces both sections that have been preserved – that of 24 folios from the Walters Art Museum in Baltimore, and that of 7 folios from the Musée Marmottan in Paris.
Publisher and distribution – Faksimile Verlag (Munich, 2004). The facsimile was distributed in Italy, the Vatican City and the Republic of San Marino by Editalia – Gruppo Istituto Poligrafico e Zecca dello Stato.
Limited edition – World edition limited to 980 copies, numbered from 1 to 980. 400 copies have been reserved for distribution in Italy, the Vatican City and the Republic of San Marino.
Certificate of authenticity – Certificate of authenticity with copy number attached to the colophon and authenticated by Marco De Guzzis for Editalia – Gruppo Istituto Poligrafico e Zecca dello Stato.
Binding – The binding of the facsimile corresponds to that of the section of 24 folios in the Walters Art Museum.
Commentary – Commentary volume in Italian, size 22 x 17 cm, 109 pages. Texts by William Noel. The Italian translation was edited by Agostini & Associati S.r.l.
ISBN – 978-88-7060-488-7 (commentary).
The facsimile reproduces as close as possible the physical characteristics of the original document, with the aim to substitute it in the scientific research and in the libraries of the bibliophile collectors. Trimming and composition of the leaves reproduce the profile and structure of the original document.

Copyright photos: Illuminated Facsimiles

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Faksimile Verlag